The Greater IVF Options for you
- By: Roselee Bachleda
According to the World Health Organization definition, a couple is considered infertile when pregnancy has not been achieved after a year of unprotected and regular sex. However, in clinical practice in cases where the woman is over 35 years old, this period falls to 6 months. The IVF treatment comes up with the best deal.
Infertility is not, however, synonymous with sterility’s ultimate inability to conceive. In fact, most couples who have difficulty getting pregnant are not sterile, but only infertile or sub-fertile, that is, they have a reduced ability to conceive spontaneously in a natural way, but may nevertheless have children through the help of a doctor. Infertility may also manifest itself only after the birth of the first child, making it difficult to conceive a second or more child. It is called secondary infertility.
What are the causes of infertility?
The most common causes of infertility are ovulation dysfunction and fallopian tube obstruction in women and abnormalities in sperm quantity, motility and shape in men. According to APFertility, in 80% of couples infertility stems from problems in both partners, although these are generally more severe and frequent in women than in men. In about 10% of cases, the causes are unknown and eventually detected during treatment. It is called idiopathic infertility.
How to treat?
If you suspect a problem related to infertility, the first step is to seek medical help. The earlier the diagnosis the greater the chances of achieving a pregnancy are. Usually, the process is started with less invasive treatments, such as timing sexual intercourse, and there may be medical or surgical treatments. If these treatments do not result in pregnancy then medically assisted procreation techniques such as intrauterine insemination (IVU), in vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine gamete transfer (GIFT) or intracytoplasmic injection of sperm (ICSI) which require taking hormonal medication to stimulate egg production will work.
The main causes of infertility in women are:
- No ovulation.
- Insufficient production of progesterone from the yellow body.
- Obstruction or injury to the fallopian tubes, which may prevent either sperm from reaching and fertilizing the oocyte or an embryo from completing its journey to the uterus.
- Problems at the endometrium level, which prevent the proper implantation of the embryo.
- Endometriosis a disease consisting of the growth of endometrial tissue in other parts of the female genital tract or even in the abdominal cavity. it is characterized by very painful periods, adhesions and often implies surgery.
- There may not be enough mucus in the cervix, or it may be of poor quality.
- There may be an incompatibility between mucus and sperm.
In Men the main causes of infertility are:
- Insufficient sperm count.
- Sperm with mobility problems.
- The high percentage of sperm with abnormal morphology.
- The high percentage of fragmented DNA sperm.
- Sexual problems such as erectile dysfunction not getting an erection or difficulties in ejaculation.
- Blockage or malformation of the tubules that carry sperm.
How to prevent it?
Currently, it is believed that, in addition to reproductive system-related anomalies and some diseases cardiovascular, cancer, autoimmune and sexually transmitted infections, among others, there are factors associated with the current lifestyle that may interfere with conception. The increase in the infertility rate in industrialized countries is related to the postponement of conception age, sedentary habits, and excessive consumption of fats, tobacco, alcohol and drugs.